BEIJING, October 10 (ChinaMil) -- In recent years, together with the increasing media coverage of the cross-region exercises launched by the land forces of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA), the names of some frequently mentioned training bases are also becoming more and more familiar to the public. Following is a brief review of the three most famous training bases of the PLA Army.
Zhurihe Training Base: the largest and the most technically-advanced
The Zhurihe Training Base is this year's most shining military training base under the spotlight of media. It is the venue of three major actual-troop exercises from June to September.
The first is the two-month-long "Stride-2014 Zhurihe" series exercise featuring battlefield confrontations between tens of thousands of troops. The next is the "Peace Mission -2014" joint anti-terrorism exercise of the armed forces of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) member states. And the latest one is the "Medical Service Mission - 2014" IT-based medical service support exercise involving actual troop-confrontations, which was the first exercise of this kind held by the Chinese military.
The Zhurihe Training Base is under the management of the Beijing Military Area Command (MAC). It is situated in the Xilin Gol League of the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region. Its predecessor was an armored training range.
To meet the needs of future high-tech wars, China’s Central Military Commission (CMC) decided in July 1997 to expand the armored training range into a combined tactical training base of the PLA which would be the largest in size, the highest in modernization level and the most advanced in technologies.
In 2011, China’s CMC and the general headquarters/departments of the PLA decided to develop the Zhurihe Training Base into the only ground forces joint operation test range of the PLA.
The Zhurihe Training Base is described as “Asia’s largest training base and the PLA’s most advanced training base”. It is also called “China’s Fort Irwin”.
Consisting of deserts, grasslands, mountains and ditches, the Zhurihe Training Base covers an area of 1,066 square kilometers, equaling to the area of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
Among all the training bases of the PLA, the Zhurihe Training Base is the only one capable of organizing group army level exercises involving multiple arms and services under complex electromagnetic environment. Its primary function is to organize troop units at division, brigade and regiment levels to carry out combined tactical training.
Sanjie Training Base: PLA’s first training base
The "Firepower-2014" series exercise concluded in the Sanjie Training Base of the Nanjing MAC on Sept 24.
The Sanjie Training Base is located in Mingguang City of the Anhui Province. Established in 1986, the Sanjie Training Base is the PLA’s first combined tactics training base, it was the largest combined tactics training base in Asia at that time.
The completion of the base plays an important role in China’s military reform process, marking the beginning of modernization drive of the PLA in its training field.
The Sanjie Training Base can hold brigade-level large-scale simulation confrontation exercise supported by laser technology and the accuracy level of the battle losses between the two sides can reach individual/shot. Tanks and artillery are equipped with the new laser simulation battle system and firepower ruling system.
Though the once pioneer has become “aged”, the Sanjie Training Base plays an important role. In addition to the just-finished "Firepower-2014•Sanjie" exercise, a number of major exercises including the "2012•Nanjing Confrontation" actual-troop exercise and "Victory-2009" actual-troop independent confrontation exercise were also held here.
Queshan Training Base: the only-purpose training base for special operations
The Queshan Training Base of the Jinan MAC was formerly an artillery firing range.
The base has complex terrains of hills, plains, reservoirs, brooks with many highlands at an altitude of over 800 meters.
The perfect installations in the base can satisfy the troops of infantry, armored, air defense force and other arms to hold various kinds of drillings including long range maneuver, mountain offense and defense, parachute landing, helicopter landing, special operations and anti-terrorism battles under the joint campaign background.
In recent years, a series of major exercises of the PLA has been held in the Queshan Training Base, and these exercises involved offense-defense operations conducted in mountains, towns, paddy fields and waterways.
According to public reports, since its opening in 1986, the Queshan Training Base would embrace tens of thousands of troops every year for training. It is the PLA’s most-used combined tactics training base.
It is also the only training base for special operations. The special forces are able to carry out drillings of long range maneuver, evacuation and concealment, mountain offense and defense, parachute landing, helicopter landing, special operations and anti-terrorism warfare in the context of joint campaign.
In November of 2013, upon invitation of the Chinese Defense Ministry, 350 foreign military personnel including military attaché to China, military observers and military students studying in China watched the two-day-long "Queshan•Striker -2013b" exercise in the Queshan Training Base.
The number of foreign military personnel watching the exercise is the biggest in PLA’s history and it further highlights the openness and transparency of China's military.