VIENNA, March 3 (ChinaMil) -- Fu Cong, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary for Disarmament Affairs of the People's Republic of China (PRC) to the United Nations, called on the international community to jointly uphold and promote the authority, universality and validity of Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) on March 2, 2017, local time.
The First Session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2020 Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons was held at the Headquarters of the UN in Vienna on the same day.
Delegations from more than 110 contracting states including the five legally recognized nuclear weapon states of China, America, Russia, Britain and France attended the preparatory committee.
The conference focused on the implementation and progress of the three pillars of nuclear disarmament, nuclear non-proliferation and peaceful use of nuclear energy for discussion and determine the organizational arrangement of this review conference.
A Chinese delegation led by Fu Cong, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary for Disarmament Affairs of the PRC to the UN, attend the conference.
Fu Cong pointed out in general debate that the Treaty has played a crucial role in containing proliferation of nuclear weapons, reducing risks in nuclear wars and promoting peaceful use of nuclear energy after it came into force for ten years and it has become one of the most universal international legal instruments.
So far, the world pattern is under profound changes, complexity and uncertainty has become the new reality of international security and nuclear non-proliferation is faced with a grim situation, which bring multiple challenges to peaceful use of nuclear energy.
How to effectively promote the nuclear disarmament has become an important issue that must be taken seriously in this round of review.
According to Fu Cong, the Treaty is the cornerstone for the present international arms control and non-proliferation mechanism and it has an undisputable status and an irreplaceable role.
The international community should carefully summarize the experience from the implementation of the Treaty and promote the three pillars of the Treaty in a balanced way to jointly protect the authority, universality and validity of the Treaty, Fu said.
Fu pointed out that firstly, we should establish the common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable concept of security, so as to build a community of common destiny for all mankind and realize win-win sharing and universal security.
Secondly, we should rationally and practically promote the nuclear disarmament progress and revitalize the present arm control negotiation mechanisms such as Conference on Disarmament and insist the principle of orderly progress.
Thirdly, we should abandon the double standard, address both the symptoms and root causes and solve nuclear proliferation by means of political diplomacy.
Fourthly, we should actively promote international cooperation in nuclear energy, improve the level of global nuclear security, and promote peaceful use of nuclear energy in line with the principle of fairness and efficiency.
Fu Cong said that China has always supported the progress of nuclear disarmament, firmly protected nuclear non-proliferation system and actively promoted the development of nuclear energy undertakings.
China actively participated in the efforts to jointly implement the Treaty review results of the five legally recognized nuclear weapon states and stably promote the preparation for the performance of Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).
China also set itself against any form of proliferation of nuclear weapons and participated in the political settlement progress of regional hot nuclear issues like Iran nuclear and Korea nuclear with a responsible attitude, Fu noted.
In addition, China vigorously promotes regional and global cooperation in nuclear security and will actively implement the five proposals including “building a network for capacity building on nuclear security” put forward by the Chinese President Xi Jinping at the 4th Nuclear Security Summit.
Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) was concluded in 1968 and came into force in 1970 and so far it has 191 member states. The Review Conference of the Treaty is held every five years, before which three annual preparatory sessions shall be held.
This year’s preparatory session will be closed on May 12 and the procedural reports will be submitted to the Review Conference by then.