International community should prepare for "Post-ISIS Era"

提前着眼应对 “后伊斯兰国”时代

Source
China Military
Editor
Huang Panyue
Time
2017-05-26

张 锴

By Zhang Kai

近两年,随着战场上的节节败退和财政资源的进一步收紧,“伊斯兰国”在军事上的崩溃将是一个大概率事件,剩下的只是时间的问题。

BEIJING, May 26 (ChinaMil) -- With the battlefield retreat and the further tightening of financial resources of the Islamic State (IS), the military collapse of Islamic State of Iraq and al Shams (ISIS) is only a matter of time.

但是,对“伊斯兰国”的军事胜利并不意味着和平的到来,更不意味着恐怖主义的完结。国际社会必须未雨绸缪,主动布局“后伊斯兰国”时代的反恐斗争,防止“摁下葫芦起了瓢”。

However, the military victory over the ISIS does not mean the arrival of peace, nor does it mean the end of terrorism. The international community must take precautions and take the initiative to prepare for the "Post-ISIS Era".

切断“肿瘤”转移路线,防止“伊斯兰国”总部转移。

First, we should prevent the ISIS headquarters from transferring.

当前,国际恐怖主义势力已不简单是“为了恐怖而制造恐怖”,而是有自己完整的政治主张甚至意识形态方面的诉求。“伊斯兰国”就意在建立一个政教合一的“哈里发国”,使民众全部信仰伊斯兰原教旨主义。

At present, the international terrorist forces are not simply intended to "create terror", they have their own complete political pursuit and even ideological demands. ISIS is intended to establish a political and religious caliphate so that all the people will believe in Islamic fundamentalism.

前些年随着“伊斯兰国”不断坐大,世界各地恐怖主义势力有合流的趋势。根据联合国去年发布的一份报告,截至2015年底,全球有34个武装组织宣布效忠“伊斯兰国”,包括非洲的“博科圣地”、菲律宾的阿布沙耶夫组织等。

A few years ago, terrorist forces around the world have a confluence trend when ISIS was growing. A report released by the United Nations (UN) last year indicated that as of the end of 2015, 34 armed groups around the world including Africa's "Boko Haram" and the Abu Sayyaf organization in the Philippines have declared allegiance to ISIS.

虽然目前“伊斯兰国”在中东的大本营临近崩溃,但其极有可能如恶性肿瘤一般转移扩散,依托其他组织或分支重建总部,死灰复燃。国际社会应努力避免这一现象的发生。

Although the current headquarters of ISIS in the Middle East is on the edge of collapse, it is still likely to spread as malignant tumors. They might rebuild the headquarters and restart relying on other organizations or branches. The international community should work together to avoid this from happening.

增加“药量”,严厉打击“独狼”式袭击。

Second, we should crack down on "lone wolf" attacks.

所谓“独狼”式袭击,即发动袭击的恐怖分子不属于任何组织,袭击发动前很少有信息传播交流,因而很难防范。

The so-called "lone wolf" attack is conducted by the terrorist that does not belong to any organization. Such attack is hard to prevent because there is very little information or communication before the attack.

随着叙利亚内战和各方对“伊斯兰国”的打击,大量中东难民涌入欧洲,不少恐怖分子混入其中,给欧洲的安全稳定带来极大隐患。

A large number of Middle Eastern refugees came to Europe as a result of the Syrian civil war and the joint strike against ISIS. Many terrorists are among these refugees, bringing great risks to the security and stability of Europe.

数据显示,2017年才进入第5个月,全球就已经发生409起恐怖袭击事件,共造成2841人死亡,这其中很多都是“独狼”式袭击,法国、德国等多个国家都深受其害。

Data show that there have been 409 terrorist attacks in 2017, killing a total of 2,841 people. Many of these incidents are "lone wolf" attacks. France, Germany and other countries are victims of such attack.

因此各方应加强信息交流和执法合作,筑牢防线,始终保持对“独狼”式袭击的高压态势。

Therefore, all parties should strengthen the exchange of information and law enforcement cooperation and build a line of defense to keep high pressure against "lone wolf" attacks.

加强“体检”,切断恐怖“病毒”网络传播渠道。

Third, we should cut off the network communication channels of terrorism.

“伊斯兰国”利用新媒体、社交网络等信息技术手段,散布极端宗教思想,招兵买马,恐吓群众,鼓吹袭击。

ISIS is using new media, social networks and other information technology means to spread extreme religious ideas, recruit new followers, intimidate the masses and advocate their attacks.

“伊斯兰国”在国外知名社交网站YouTube和Twitter上都有专人维护账户,并用多种语言推送文字、视频等信息,与支持者直接互动,传播极端思想和招募信息,鼓动追随者发动袭击。

ISIS has special personnel responsible for their accounts on well-known social networking sites such as YouTube and Twitter. They push text, video and other information in multiple languages, interact directly with supporters, disseminate extreme ideas and recruitment information and encourage followers to conduct terrorist attacks.

对此,各国应当密切合作,加强对相关网络信息的监管,切断恐怖主义思想在互联网上的传播渠道。

In this regard, countries around the world should work closely to strengthen the supervision of relevant network information to cut off the channels of the spreading of terrorism.

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