International arms control enters great transitional phase


China Military Online
Li Jiayao

BEIJING, Nov. 26 (ChinaMil) -- The Sixth Young Scholars’ Forum in Chinese Studies was held on Saturday. During the forum, Guo Xiaobing, Deputy Director of Institute of Security and Arms Control Studies of China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations, said that the international arms control is currently going through a great transitional phase, and explained its tremendous changes in nuclear disarmament, nuclear non-proliferation and nuclear security.
Firstly, the nuclear arms control, narrowly defined as the nuclear disarmament, is presently entering into the phase of aggressive major power competition. The original international arms control system is collapsing. The new system would be completely different from the previous ones.
Secondly, the nuclear non-proliferation is entering into a plateau period. The period of horizontal proliferation has passed. Although the diplomatic struggle can be very aggressive, many countries have technically capped it.
Lastly, the nuclear security has entered into a subdued and stable period since last year.
In addition, Guo said that the US nuclear policy has also made some important adjustments this year. Firstly, its major objects of nuclear deterrence have changed a lot. Nuclear terrorism used to be the biggest threat to the US. However, now the US new policy said that Russia, China, the DPRK and Iran are its major four threats. Secondly, the application of nuclear weapons is getting wider. The US announced for the first time that nuclear weapons will be used to retaliate against air attacks, space weapon attacks and cyber weapon attacks. Thirdly, the US is developing low-yield nuclear weapons in some regions, which increases its means of nuclear deterrents.
此外,美国今年的核政策,也作出了比较重要的调整。 一是核威慑对象作出了大幅度调整。以前称核恐怖主义是美国最大的威胁,现在明确列出来,俄、中、朝、伊是四大威胁。二是核武器应用范围广,第一次说要用核武器来报复天、太空武器和网络武器的攻击。三是主要在地区搞低当量核武器,增加了核威慑手段。


Related News